Setting up your company expense policy can be a complex process for finance teams. You need to figure out which expense categories to reimburse, how to keep your expense policy up to date and how to handle work related travel.
The good news is that a certain ‘approved amount’ of Mileage Allowance Payments, or MAPs, can be paid out without having to be reported to the tax authority, which is meant to offer an economical way for businesses to invest in the travels of their employees.
Here's how they work.
Note: this article and mileage rates are up to date as of 27 October, 2020. This article is a guide, but should not be taken as legal or tax advice. For more information, consult your lawyer or HMRC directly.
What are HMRC mileage allowance payments?
The premise behind mileage allowance is simple: some employees use their own vehicles for business travel, and business travel expenses are normally free from tax.
So companies should be able to reimburse their employees for business expenses made in private cars free from tax. That should include not only the price of petrol, but also upkeep and wear and tear on the car in question.
HMRC has created a scheme to simplify this matter — MAPs. Without these, companies (or HMRC itself) would need to individually quantify how much wear and tear each private car has undergone, and add this to petrol costs, road tolls, and more.
Instead, we have a flat rate to be calculated per mile.
When do trips qualify for tax-free mileage allowances?
According to HMRC, trips are seen as business-related when:
- The work can’t be done unless the trip is made
- The employee needs to be somewhere other than the usual workplace to carry out the job.
Also, journeys cannot be covered by MAPs if they:
- Are part of a daily commute between an office and a private residence, or any other place that’s not a permanent office
- Are extremely short (just down the road, for example)
- Don’t have an obvious work-related character
- Are private journeys with one or two work-related stops. The primary purpose of the trip must be business.
Calculating your HMRC mileage allowances
|Type of vehicle||First 10,000 miles||Above 10,000 miles|
|Cars and vans||45p||25p|
For the first 10,000 miles per tax year, cars and vans are eligible for 45p per mile. From there, travel is at a rate of 25p per mile. For motorcycles and bikes, the rates are the same for all travel — it’s always 24p for motorcycles and 20p for bikes.
If it’s still unclear, or if you have a hard time calculating how much you can save on taxes, check out HMRC's official working sheet for the right mileage allowances.
It’s important to note that if the company doesn’t cover the full ‘approved amount’, your employees can apply to get Mileage Allowance Relief for the unpaid part.
Employers can provide an extra 5p per mile to drivers who carry a passenger on work trips. This only applies if the passenger is also traveling for business and is an employee of the company.
In this case, these payments are also "approved" and do not need to be reported to HMRC.
These rates are for the total amount traveled per employee, not per car. If the employee uses multiple cars throughout the year, you still look at their total miles traveled.
Equally, if the employee uses one car and one motorcycle, you still add the total miles traveled between the two. You will then reimburse the employee at the appropriate rate for each, based on the number of miles traveled.
Here are a few added extras to keep in mind when you calculate company mileage payments:
- MAPs are designed to cover wear and tear, car insurance, and road tolls. These are built into the rates.
- The rates are not designed to cover parking or VAT, but these can still be claimed where they are clearly and exclusively business travel expenses.
- Employers can choose to reimburse employees at a higher rate. In this case, the excess amount will be subject to tax.
- If the employer pays less than the HMRC rate, the employee can claim tax relief on the difference between the two rates.
Keeping track of company mileage allowances
If you manage a large number of employees, or your employees frequently use vehicles to travel for work, consider using a centralized platform such as Spendesk to manage mileage allowances and general travel spending.
Employees save time on the road with access to smart payment methods, clear approval processes and digital tracking of receipts and mileage claims.
Back in the office, the finance team stays in control with simple payment reconciliation, integrated accounting and a real-time overview of company spending.
Want to learn more? Read about the smart ways modern CFOs easily optimise travel spending.
More articles dealing with HMRC's rules and regulations:
- How HMRC meal allowance rates work
- The HMRC 24 month rule: what, why, & how it works
- What is a valid proof of purchase for business expenses?
- e-Receipts: How to store digital receipts for your business expenses
- How HMRC advisory fuel rates work for UK businesses
- HMRC Employment Allowance 2021: the rules & how to claim
- How to claim HMRC research & development (R&D) tax credits easily